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CIIC 162. Ballintaggart VIII (Baile an tSagairt), Co. Kerry

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© COPYRIGHT, 2009 2013-07-18
© Nora White 2012-11-23

National Monuments Service Record Number: KE053-033012-

Site Type

Ecclesiastical

Description

Site

Site of church and old burial gound (An Cheallúnach or An Lisín). 'This circular enclosure crowns the summit of a low, but prominent, hillock between Dingle Harbour and Trabeg. The site of a church is shown within the enclosure on the OS maps, but nothing more is known about this, and no visible trace survives. Children were still being interred there in the burial ground in the mid-19th century' (Cuppage et al 1986, 264). The current stone enclosure, approximately 30m in diameter, is 'only a portion of the original site and was built up by a landlord sometime prior to 1847' (Devane 2001, 372). Macalister (1945, 151-7) recorded nine ogham stones collected together at the site. These 'mostly pulvinar' or oval water-rolled boulders resemble the stones found 'about 6 miles away' at Minard storm beach. Eight of the nine stones are now arranged in a circle within the stone enclosure with the ninth placed centrally. Apart from the ogham stones, the interior consists of 'a confusion of low mounds and low upright grave markers' (Cuppage et al 1986, 264). A tenth ogham stone was discovered in the 1980's but only protrudes 24cm above the ground (Devane 2001, 369).

Monument

Sandstone, 1.19m x 0.41m x 0.23m (converted from Macalister 1945, 155)

The stone is 'less regular and smooth than the others but is of the same rounded oval form' (Cuppage et al 1986, 265).

Text

'Inscription pocked and rubbed on the sinister side and the top: much worn; the last five letters, while not in serious doubt, can scarcely be discerned' (Macalister 1945, 155-6). Cuppage et al (1986, 265) notes that `the ogham inscription is not clear and has been variously interpreted'. McManus (1991, 67): CUb/miMAQQI AVI CORBBI, Macalister (1945, 156): CUNAMAQQI AVI CORBBI and O'Kelly (1986, ): CULI MAQQI AVI CORBI. After initial C, the 3D model shows the three U notches, along with faint traces of two scores of a possible N, which would agree with Macalister's reading, but a possible CULI cannot be ruled out.

Transliteration

CUṆẠMAQQ̣I/ AVI CỌRBBI

Translation

'Conmac Uí Chuirb'

Commentary

  • This is one of the inscriptions listed by McManus (1991, 93-4) to be among the earliest in the corpus showing no trace of vowel affection. It may be dated to the first half, or the early second half, of the fifth century (McManus 1991, 97).

  • In this inscription we have an example of a tribal or sept name introduced by the formula word AVI (Mod Ir. 'grandson/descendant of') and followed by the name of the ancestor of the kindred (McManus 1991, 111, 118-9), in this case Corb (possibly related to corbaid 'defiles' (McManus 1991, 107), cf. CIIC 38. Ballyboodan, Co. Kilkenny and CIIC 154. Ballinrannig, Co. Kerry, where it appears as a possessive genitive directly following CUNAMAQQI, without AVI or MAQI to express the relationship).

Locations

Found

Found in a field fence to the south of the 'calluragh' (Cuppage et al 1986, 264) in the townland of Ballintaggart and barony of Corkaguiney. (GPS coordinates -10.243303,52.127798)

Original

Unknown

Last Recorded

On site inside stone enclosure. The present location of this stone may be accessed via the National Monuments Service Historic Environment viewer on www.archaeology.ie.

History of Recording

first mentioned, 1804 Vallancey (Macalister 1945, 151).

References

Websites and Online Databases

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