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CIIC 172. Ballywiheen (BAILE AN BHOITHÍN), Co. Kerry

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© COPYRIGHT, 2009 2013-05-30

© COPYRIGHT, 2009 2013-05-30

National Monuments Service Record Number: KE042-093003-

Site Type

Stone fort/cashel (possible souterrain)

Description

Site

A small circular cashel with a raised interior, known as Cathair na gCat. Inside are the remains of two stone huts, a possible souterrain and an ogham stone. (Cuppage 1986, 194-5). It is worth noting, considering the number of ogham stones associated with church sites, that there is an early Christian settlement close by, known as Raingiléis.

Monument

'smooth grey sandstone with a purple grain running through it', 1.92m x 0.46m x 0.16m (Moore , unpub MA thesis)

'The stone was smashed into 3 pieces in the 1880's (in search of gold) and one fragment was lost' (Cuppage 1986, 194) taking with it the last three letters (-TOS).

Text

Apart from the loss of the last three letters, 'the inscription is otherwise perfect' (Macalister 1945, 165). Inspection of the inscription with Fionnbarr Moore at the time of scanning found that the initial T is faint but discernible. The M of MAQI is at the point of the break in the stone but the lower half of the M, towards the back of the stone, is clear. A spall has removed the upper half. SAGARRET is clear.

Transliteration

TOGITTACC MAQI SAG{A}RET[TOS]

Translation

'of Toicthech son of Sáraid?'

Commentary

  • In this inscription we appear to have an example of an 'erroneous...addition of a single score' with SAGARETTOS for expected SAGRETTOS (Sáraid?) (McManus 1991, 7, 108).

  • According to McManus (1991, 84) the name TOGITTACC was formed from the word for 'good luck' with an adjectival suffix -ākos. The spelling of TOGITTACC (for an expected TOGETTACC[I]) may reflect the falling together of unstressed /e/ and /i/ prior to syncope (McManus 1991, 82, 118).

  • This inscription may be dated to the first half of the sixth century based on the preservation of -OS (though now lost) in SAGARETTOS and the loss of -I in TOGITTACC (McManus 1991, 94, 97).

Locations

Found

According to Hitchcock (1856, 439-41; Macalister 1945, 165), it was found lying beside Cathair na gCat and placed inside the fort by the discoverer 'for protection'. According to Curran (OPW file) it was discovered acting as the entrance lintel to the souterrain within the cashel. He was of the opinion that the ogham stone had been taken from the nearby ancient cemetery called the Raingiléis. In 1887 Ferguson stated that the stone had been found in an adjoining killeen (Cuppage 1986, 194-5). Townland of Ballywiheen and barony of Corkaguiney. (GPS coordinates -10.407534, 52.156204)

Original

GPS coordinates of possible original location -10.407357, 52.158683

Last Recorded

Lying on top of Cathair na gCat fort in two pieces National Monuments Service Historic Environment viewer on www.archaeology.ie.

History of Recording

Discovered by Rev. J. Goodman in 1855 (Macalister 1945, 165).

References

Websites and Online Databases

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