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Coumlanders (COM AN LÓNDRAIGH), Co. Kerry

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National Monuments Service Record Number: KE042-164----

Site Type

Unknown

Description

Site

This ogham stone was discovered 'embedded in the gable wall of an outhouse' (McManus 1991, 72, no. viii) in this townland. The original site of the stone cannot be determined. The only other known archaeological features in this small townland are a univallate enclosure containing a souterrain (KE054-023----) and a well (Tobernagan), marked on ordnance survey historic maps. The neighbouring townland (Aghacarrible/Áth an Charbaill), to the N and W, contains a ringfort/cashel known as 'Lissonenakilla/Lios an Anacail' (KE054-019----) and a number of stone-lined graves (KE054-020---- and KE054-022----), discovered to the NE of this site.

Monument

The stone has been trimmed resulting in the loss of the end of the inscription (McManus 1991, 72, no. viii). 1.09m x 0.35m x 0.19m (dimensions taken from 3d pdf).

Text

The inscription is clear and reads up-top. It presumably continued down the right-hand side but the stone has been broken at this side taking away the end of the father's name. After the V three notches remain, which could be a U or the remains of an E or I.

Transliteration

RETAGIN MAQI DOVỤ [ ... ]

Translation

of Rethgan son of Dub-?

Commentary

  • The first element of the personal name RETA- 'is very likely a form of the divine name RITTA-, found in 250 RITTAVVECAS [Corkaboy], 211 RITTAVVECC [Kilcoolaght East] and iv RITTECC [Church Island]'. The second element -GIN is found elsewhere in the forms -GENI, -GINI, -GEN and ?-GINN (cf. 259 IVAGENI Éogan), but not in any other known ogham inscription in combination with a divine name. The name Rethgan does not appear to be attested later (McManus 1991, 72).

  • Vowel affection and apocope (loss of final consonants or syllables) are evident here in RETAGIN (earlier *RITAGENI). Consequently it may be approximately dated to the first half of the sixth century (McManus 1991, 97).

  • DOV[INIAS] would be a tempting restoration of the final word considering that all but one of the inscriptions containing the tribal name DOVINIAS ('of Duibne') have been found on the Dingle peninsula, barony of Corkaguiney (Corcu Duibne/Corca Dhuibhne), which got its name from that tribe or sept (McManus 1991, 111). However, this interpretation would be improbable here following MAQI ('son of') rather than the usual MUCOI ('descendant of').

Locations

Found

Found in 1989 embedded in the gable wall of an outhouse in the townland of Coumlanders, barony of Corkaguiney (McManus 1991, 72). Precise coordinates unknown.

Original

Unknown

Last Recorded

On display in Musáem Chorca Dhuibhne, Ballyferriter (www.westkerrymuseum.com). (GPS coordinates -10.405999, 52.166581)

History of Recording

McManus (1991, 72) says that the stone 'was discovered in 1989 embedded in the gable wall of an outhouse belonging to Mr. Eogan Ó Grifín of Com, near Annascaul'.

References

Websites and Online Databases

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