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CIIC 5. Rusheens West, Co. Mayo

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© 2021-10-23

© 2021-10-23

National Monuments Service Record Number: MA073-012----

Site Type

Holy well

Description

Site

Located 'in the NE corner of a field of rough, damp, rush-grown pasture, located on a low rise, 2m to N of a holy well (MA073-013----). A church (MA073-014001-) and graveyard (MA073-014002-) are located c. 250m to SE, and there is a possible ecclesiastical enclosure (MA073-011001-), named Killerrikeen [Cill Ericín], c. 240m to W... The stone is set upright in a bed of concrete on top of a circular stone-built platform (diam. 3.2m; H 0.45m at N, 1m at S). The perimeter of the platform is defined by a roughly coursed wall of boulders and large, horizontally-laid stones, rising slightly proud of the flat top of the platform. The platform is built up on the S side to compensate for a gentle fall of ground on that side. The top and sides are largely obscured by sod and moss' (ASI field report, 2017)

Monument

'Schist' pillar, 1.28m x 0.40m x 0.40m (converted from Macalister 1945, 7).

Text

The inscription is pocked and rubbed up on approximately the upper two thirds of the NE angle. Macalister (1945, 7) notes a possible single vowel notch towards the top of the opposite angle. He also notes the 'deceptive score-like appearance' of the natural fissures running down from the top. The scores and notches are generally fairly uniform and evenly spaced (although the S scores appear a little cramped) with only the two T's separated by extra space.

Transliteration

ALẠTTOS MAQI BR[ ... ]

Translation

'of Allatus son of Br...'

Commentary

  • The personal name ALATTOS (gen. sg. of AL(L)AT(T)US), appears to be a substantivised form ('wild one') of the old Irish adjective allaid 'wild'. The name is also found in other ogham inscriptions with some variation in spelling with regard to L(L) and T(T): CIIC 215. ALATTO Whitefield, Co. Kerry ; CIIC 250. ALLATO Corkaboy, Co. Kerry and CIIC 224. ALOTTO Droumatouk, Co. Kerry. The example here is the only one displaying a pre-apocope ending -S, suggesting that it is the earliest and probably pre-6th century (McManus 1991, 103, 116). Only the first two letters of the father’s name (BR) survive. Although we cannot say what letters may have followed, two of the most common personal name elements found in ogham inscriptions which also start with BR are bran ‘raven’ and broc ‘badger’.

Locations

Found

Macalister (1945, 7-8) records that the stone had previously been a 'kneeling-stone' on a dwarf wall surrounding a well dedicated to St Mobhi' [Tobar na Bachaille 'the Well of the Crozier'], and that at some later date it was moved to its current site: 'upright on a low altar-like structure north of the well' in the townland of Rusheens West, Kilmovee (Cill Moibhí 'Church of Mobhí') and barony of Costello. (GPS coordinates -8.674923, 53.896213)

Original

Find location probably close to original site

Last Recorded

Located 'in the NE corner of a field of rough, damp, rush-grown pasture, located on a low rise, 2m to N of a holy well (MA073-013----)... The stone is set upright in a bed of concrete on top of a circular stone-built platform (diam. 3.2m; H 0.45m at N, 1m at S). The perimeter of the platform is defined by a roughly coursed wall of boulders and large, horizontally-laid stones, rising slightly proud of the flat top of the platform' (ASI field report, 2017). The present location of this stone may be accessed via the National Monuments Service Historic Environment viewer on www.archaeology.ie

History of Recording

First published in 1916 by Macalister noting the discovery 'several years' previously by Sergeant Lyons of Athenry at Tobar na Bachaille 'the Well of the Crozier'. The stone was recorded in 3d in collaboration with Digital Heritage Age in October 2021 as part of the Kilmovee Heritage Trail project supported by Mayo County Council Heritage Office. Photographs of the stone and site also by Digital Heritage Age.

References

Websites and Online Databases

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